martes, 1 de septiembre de 2009

El rumor de la montaña de Yanusari Kawabata


El japonés Yanusari Kawabata ha sido un gran descubrimiento para mí. Premio Novel de Literatura en 1968, Kawabata fue mentor y difusor de otro gran literato japonés, Yukio Mishima, y se suicidó en soledad a los 72 años. Su novela El rumor de la montaña es todo un ejercicio literario, en el que la belleza de las cosas es tan sutil como pueda serlo en la realidad. La novela rezuma sensualidad y refleja un mundo ya marchito reflejado en el viejo Shingo, que quiere mantener las tradiciones del antiguo Japón, mientras ve la decadencia moral de sus hijos inmersos en un occidentalización imparable: su hija Fusako separada de su marido drogadicto, y su hijo Shuichi que desprecia a su mujer, la adorable Kikuko, para irse con su amante. El anciano convive con sus sueños, a los que da la misma importancia que a vivencias o conversaciones reales. Además, convive con el amor que siente por su nuera Kikuko, la única que le trata con cariño y aprecio, y la única con la que puede hablar de la belleza de las cosas. Para nuestra cultura occidental desapegada y desapasionada es fascinante ver cómo los temas de conversación entre los personajes nunca son banales, y cómo pueden apreciar desde un árbol en flor, hasta la llegada cada año de un milano o una ceremonia del té. La apacibilidad de la novela contrasta con los graves acontecimientos que se suceden en ella, y nos hace reflexionar sobre una cultura tan diferente a la nuestra. Además, sorprende cómo los japoneses no tienen tabúes para temas que entre nosotros estarían totalmente fuera de lugar, como la muerte, el suicidio, la prostitución o la homosexualidad.

17 comentarios:

  1. Your review of this particular Kawabata book is very intriguing.

    The Sound of the Mountain (as I find the English version is entitled) is now on my reading list.

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  2. la milenaria cultura oriental, nos lleva por mucho la delantera en humanidad ....

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  3. atypicalheroine I hope you enjoy reading this beautiful book, when you read it tell me what you think

    Alej@andro: ahora estoy totalmente inmersa en la literatura japonesa, y estoy totalmente de acuerdo con lo que dices, tenemos mucho que aprender de la cultura oriental y dejar de mirarnos tanto el ombligo en Occidente.

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